Leveraging Community-Engaged Research to Address Adolescent Depression with Pennsylvania Public Schools and Communities

Online Publication Date: 
February 13, 2022
Publication Status: 
Published
Manuscript PDF File: 

**Published in Progress in Community Health Partnerships (PCHP) volume 16.2. All rights reserved.**

ABSTRACT:
Background: The prevalence of adolescent major depressive disorder rose from 8.3% in 2008 to 14.4% in 2018, and suicide is now the second leading cause of death among US adolescents.
Objective: Describe the process of community engaged research (CEnR) methods used to develop a randomized clinical trial (RCT) comparing the effectiveness of school-based universal depression screening on depression identification and treatment engagement, compared to standard symptom-based depression recognition.
Methods: We engaged stakeholders with personal or professional expertise and schools enrolled in the study. Qualitative methods aimed to elucidate barriers and opportunities during RCT development.
Results: Stakeholders were instrumental in all phases of RCT development. Qualitative feedback from participating schools, students, and parents informed RCT development and implementation.
Conclusions: Inclusion of CEnR methods provided opportunities to collaboratively address barriers to RCT design and implementation with school communities. This dialogue was invaluable in establishing relationships to further address mental health and other controversial adolescent health topics in future research.